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The Brave Defence of The Mission Station at Rorke’s Drift

Rorke’s Drift is situated 46 km southeast of Dundee and is the place of certainly one of the most well-known conflicts in the Anglo-Zulu war of 1879. The area in and around Rorke’s Drift is unspoilt and relaxing. Irishman James Rorke had originally set up a trading post almost 1 mile from the drift (crossing point) on the Buffalo River and was known to the Zulu warriors as KwaJimu (Jim’s place). Later, a mission station had been established by the Reverend Otto Witt of the Swedish Missionary Society. Witt built up a little church, mission house and livestock kraal at the foot of a rugged hill which he called Oskarberg.
Lord Chelmsford, had ‘requisitioned’ Rorke’s Drift prior to his traversing of the Buffalo River. He employed the house as a hospital and the chapel as a storehouse. All through the battle it was used as a medical facility. The defence of the mission station of Rorke’s Drift quickly followed the British Army’s loss at the Battle of Isandlwana earlier on the morning on 22nd January 1879. The devastating Zulu attack on Rorke’s Drift came rather close to defeating the little garrison, and the British accomplishment is held as without doubt one of history’s best defences. The 11 VCs given for valour at Rorke’s Drift are more than for any other military action of all time.

As Lord Chelmsford, the commander-in-chief of the British military in Natal, crossed into Zululand on 11th January 1879, his forces set up camp on the other side of the Buffalo river, 10 miles to the east, underneath the mountain at Isandhlwana. Three columns crossed into Zululand, from the Lower Tugela, Rorke’s Drift and Utrecht respectively, their goal being Ulundi, the Royal capital of the Zulus. On 9 January 1879 the middle column under Lord Chelmsford appeared and made camp at Rorke’s Drift.

On the morning of 22 January 1879, the main Zulu impi launched an attack on the British camp at Isandlwana. Lord Chelmsford had taken part of his force off in an alternative direction searching for the Zulu army. Hopelessly outnumbered, the British and local forces were slaughtered by the Zulu warriors with only close to 50 men get away alive. The remainder of the 1,000 strong force died. Later on that day, over four thousand zulu warriors commanded by Dabulamanzi attacked the small garrison of the 24th Regiment at Rorke’s Drift. These Zulu warriors had not been involed in the fighting at Isandlwana and wanted to prove their courage in battle. Cetshwayo had explicitly directed his Zulu warriors from crossing the Buffalo River which acted as the border between Natal and Zululand. Irrespective of this order, the Zulus grabbed the weapons off the bodies of the British dead and made for Rorke’s Drift. It was manned by 97 ready troopers, housed 36 wounded, 14 valuable natives, 5 officers and two lieutenants, one of which was new to the region. The Battle of Isandlwana was arguably the most humiliating defeat in British colonial heritage and only hours later that day, at Rorke’s Drift, 139 British troops defended their position against an intensive assault by more than 4,000 warriors.

Something that is nearly always disregarded is that the Battle at Rorke’s Drift could actually have concluded in the same devastating way as Isandlawana, but for one particular critical factor: Rorke’s Drift was a depot, so the British troops who defended it were able to make use of a near limitless source of ammunition. It is believed that somewhere between 20,000 and 25,000 rounds were fired in the course of the defence of Rorke’s Drift, the overwhelming majority of the rounds having missed their targets entirely and so, conservatively speaking, each and every 25th shot fired by the men of Rorke’s Drift led to an ultimate Zulu death, and each 50th shot was a kill shot. The British knew the Zulu warriors were on their way however they elected to stand and fight. Wounded men would had to have been laden onto horse-drawn wagons and Zulus would quickly have engaged them in the open. Instead, they opted to fight on ground of their choosing.

Together with having numbers that crushed a force five times bigger hours earlier, the Zulu warriors also had the Martini-Henry rifles captured off the British dead, presenting them an even larger advantage against the British.

Henry Hook plus 5 other privates were instructed on the afternoon of 22nd January to defend approximately 30 patients not able to be transferred away from the temporary hospital at Rorke’s Drift . Defensive lines were constructed connecting the 2 complexes â?? the hospital and the store room. Inside this border, an additional line of defence was built between the two structures and this was significant during the battle. The Zulus attacked the hospital setting fire to the roofing. Hook and others struggled for several hours, actually digging through walls and eventually getting virtually all out of the hospital and over to the inner defensive line near the store. Wave after wave of warriors with spears and rifles crashed against the makeshift lines of defence at Rorke’s Drift. The conflicts raged all night and by morning the British defences still held strong and the Zulu warriors in the end withdrew.

Following seeing the aftermath of Isandlwana, Chelmsford believed that Rorke’s Drift had fallen and it was only the sound of cheering from the garrison convinced him . eleven VC’s were awarded to the defenders of Rorke’s Drift. Colour Sergeant Frank Bourne was among five men to be awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal and the unusual honour of a commission. Having said that, his army pay was his only money had he believed he could not financially afford to become an officer thus declined the offer. Fittingly, he was the last survivor of Rorke’s Drift to pass away on 8th May 1945 â?? VE Day. Lieutenant-Colonel Frank Edward Bourne OBE, DCM was 91 years old.

Rob Atherton
www.RobAtherton.com

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11/13 Lucus at Brave New Books 1/27/2010: The Destroyer Star & The Future of Mankind

VISIT THE WEBSITE AT rabbithole2.com Planet X, Nibiru, Nemesis, The Destroyer…It goes by many different names and the ancients spoke of it in their texts. PURCHASE THE DVD AT http According to some our planet is about to change and become something unfamiliar to us all. Some say that a massive star may be coming our way and it may have a profound effect on our planet. Has this happened before? Some say it has and is going to happen again. At this presentation at Brave New Books in Austin, Texas, Lucus presents indications of this coming destroyer star and connects it to the Denver New World Airport. nibiru planet x nemesis space destroyer spiral norway australia nemesis aliens ufo demon devil satan lucifer cosmic event comet asteroid black hole anomaly phaeton dark star deathstar brown dwarf pulsar radiation rays
Video Rating: 5 / 5

In Autumn 2009, Wong Fu Productions, was invited to 11 cities around the country to speak and screen their work. This is their tour. Part 5-7 of 7 Follow the guys on the 2nd half of their tour as they cross the country a few more times to finally finish their month long journey! Our SPRING TOUR is coming up next month (April)! We could be coming to a city near you! View the schedule at wongfuproductions.com Watch the FULL episodes HERE: wongfuproductions.com Opening song: “World In Front of My” by Kina Grannis kinagrannis.com http Subscribe and follow to keep up to date with information. SUBSCRIBE! youtube.com OFFICIAL wongfuproductions.com FACEBOOK http TWITTER twitter.com STORE areyouaniceguy.com

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6/13 Lucus at Brave New Books 1/27/2010: The Destroyer Star & The Future of Mankind

VISIT THE WEBSITE AT rabbithole2.com Planet X, Nibiru, Nemesis, The Destroyer…It goes by many different names and the ancients spoke of it in their texts. PURCHASE THE DVD AT http According to some our planet is about to change and become something unfamiliar to us all. Some say that a massive star may be coming our way and it may have a profound effect on our planet. Has this happened before? Some say it has and is going to happen again. At this presentation at Brave New Books in Austin, Texas, Lucus presents indications of this coming destroyer star and connects it to the Denver New World Airport. nibiru planet x nemesis space destroyer spiral norway australia nemesis aliens ufo demon devil satan lucifer cosmic event comet asteroid black hole anomaly phaeton dark star deathstar brown dwarf pulsar radiation rays
Video Rating: 4 / 5

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9/13 Lucus at Brave New Books 1/27/2010: The Destroyer Star & The Future of Mankind

VISIT THE WEBSITE AT rabbithole2.com Planet X, Nibiru, Nemesis, The Destroyer…It goes by many different names and the ancients spoke of it in their texts. PURCHASE THE DVD AT http According to some our planet is about to change and become something unfamiliar to us all. Some say that a massive star may be coming our way and it may have a profound effect on our planet. Has this happened before? Some say it has and is going to happen again. At this presentation at Brave New Books in Austin, Texas, Lucus presents indications of this coming destroyer star and connects it to the Denver New World Airport. nibiru planet x nemesis space destroyer spiral norway australia nemesis aliens ufo demon devil satan lucifer cosmic event comet asteroid black hole anomaly phaeton dark star deathstar brown dwarf pulsar radiation rays
Video Rating: 4 / 5

VISIT THE WEBSITE AT rabbithole2.com Planet X, Nibiru, Nemesis, The Destroyer…It goes by many different names and the ancients spoke of it in their texts. PURCHASE THE DVD AT http According to some our planet is about to change and become something unfamiliar to us all. Some say that a massive star may be coming our way and it may have a profound effect on our planet. Has this happened before? Some say it has and is going to happen again. At this presentation at Brave New Books in Austin, Texas, Lucus presents indications of this coming destroyer star and connects it to the Denver New World Airport. nibiru planet x nemesis space destroyer spiral norway australia nemesis aliens ufo demon devil satan lucifer cosmic event comet asteroid black hole anomaly phaeton dark star deathstar brown dwarf pulsar radiation rays
Video Rating: 4 / 5

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Internet Radio Networks – the Brave New Face of Online Entertainment

Internet radios are the latest rage in cyberspace. It is but a natural culmination in the continuing evolution of the Internet. This is the era of e-mails, e-commerce, e-shopping, and e-radios or Internet radio. Internet radio networks are what everybody is talking about these days. And rightly so. After e-mails and e-commerce, e-radios are poised to be the next big thing.

Internet radio, however, is not a very novel innovation. In other words, Internet radio networks have been around for quite some time now. It is only recently, with the proliferation of Internet technology and faster connectivity, that the phenomenon called Internet radio has truly come of age. Today, the listener is pampered with a bevy of channels (or stations), catering to specific areas of interest. This is becoming a standard feature of Internet radio networks that serve music online. The listener can tune into any of dozens of stations covering such genres as Classic Rock, Alternative Rock, Indie Rock, Jazz, 80s music, 70s music, Oldies, New Age, Reggae, Country, Latin, Euro, Ambient, Lounge, Progressive, Techno and what not. Hours and hours of uninterrupted music at no cost â?? thatâ??s the magnitude of the entertainment provided by Internet radio networks.

Among the most popular Internet radio networks are the ones that feature Internet Talk Radio. Streaming talk shows and discussions on a wide range of subjects have made them popular among serious listeners or those who carve for something more than just music from their e-radios. Internet talk radio programs host various talk shows with specialists on different subject matters who anchor the show.

While traditional radio broadcasters have often used the Internet to advertise or promote their shows, Internet radio technology has actually revolutionized the concept and simple programming requirements have taken it to the extent where individuals, organizations or anyone for that matter, can easily host their own Internet talk radio station from the comfort of their home.

Internet radio networks use many different methods for creating the audio stream source. Some of these include using the SHOUTcast service, which utilizes Winamp and the SHOUTcast DSP plugin to deliver MP3 audio at higher bitrates. Other methods include open source technologies such as Streamcast, stream-db, IceS, and MuSE, and patent-free data formats such as Ogg Vorbis. Using open source stream source tools allows for interesting web interface possibilities like phpStreamcast. Other applications include Broadwave which delivers audio in mp3 and relies on the listener’s default media player to open the stream.

Internet radio networks like Voice America make it easier to host your own Internet talk radio show. Such Internet radio networks not only provide you with the technology to host your Internet radio show but also give you a complete package of Internet streaming media broadcasting, proven support services in web, marketing, and interactive solutions that help you to make your mark and your presence known to the ever increasing Internet audience. If you are planning to host your own Internet talk radio, itâ??s worth contacting Internet radio networks like Voice America.

Simon Churchgate is a veteran in Internet marketing and a wordsmith par excellence with countless articles on a wide range of subjects to his credit. He is an expert on Internet radio networks.

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Internet Radio Networks ? the Brave New Face of Online Entertainment

Internet radios are the latest rage in cyberspace. It is but a natural culmination in the continuing evolution of the Internet. This is the era of e-mails, e-commerce, e-shopping, and e-radios or Internet radio. Internet radio networks are what everybody is talking about these days. And rightly so. After e-mails and e-commerce, e-radios are poised to be the next big thing.

Internet radio, however, is not a very novel innovation. In other words, Internet radio networks have been around for quite some time now. It is only recently, with the proliferation of Internet technology and faster connectivity, that the phenomenon called Internet radio has truly come of age. Today, the listener is pampered with a bevy of channels (or stations), catering to specific areas of interest. This is becoming a standard feature of Internet radio networks that serve music online. The listener can tune into any of dozens of stations covering such genres as Classic Rock, Alternative Rock, Indie Rock, Jazz, 80s music, 70s music, Oldies, New Age, Reggae, Country, Latin, Euro, Ambient, Lounge, Progressive, Techno and what not. Hours and hours of uninterrupted music at no cost – that’s the magnitude of the entertainment provided by Internet radio networks.

Among the most popular Internet radio networks are the ones that feature Internet Talk Radio. Streaming talk shows and discussions on a wide range of subjects have made them popular among serious listeners or those who carve for something more than just music from their e-radios. Internet talk radio programs host various talk shows with specialists on different subject matters who anchor the show.

While traditional radio broadcasters have often used the Internet to advertise or promote their shows, Internet radio technology has actually revolutionized the concept and simple programming requirements have taken it to the extent where individuals, organizations or anyone for that matter, can easily host their own Internet talk radio station from the comfort of their home.

Internet radio networks use many different methods for creating the audio stream source. Some of these include using the SHOUTcast service, which utilizes Winamp and the SHOUTcast DSP plugin to deliver MP3 audio at higher bitrates. Other methods include open source technologies such as Streamcast, stream-db, IceS, and MuSE, and patent-free data formats such as Ogg Vorbis. Using open source stream source tools allows for interesting web interface possibilities like phpStreamcast. Other applications include Broadwave which delivers audio in mp3 and relies on the listener’s default media player to open the stream.

Internet radio networks like Voice America make it easier to host your own Internet talk radio show. Such Internet radio networks not only provide you with the technology to host your Internet radio show but also give you a complete package of Internet streaming media broadcasting, proven support services in web, marketing, and interactive solutions that help you to make your mark and your presence known to the ever increasing Internet audience. If you are planning to host your own Internet talk radio, it’s worth contacting Internet radio networks like Voice America.

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